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Photo by Matthias Neuenschwander, EPFL - LBNI

Results (2)


Bulk and Sleeve Electron Beam Lithography for Silicon Nitride Photonic Crystals

This is a method to improve the quality of lithography - in particular electron beam lithography (EBL). During an EBL exposure the electrons undergo different scattering processes. One scattering process that plays an important role is the back scattering of the electrons from the substrate or different stacks of thin film present in the exposure stack. As a result the actual dose that the resist sees is quite different that the original exposure dose. This ...


Effect of LPCVD \mathrm{Si_3N_4} deposition on \mathrm{Al_2O_3} etch-stop films

Alumina (\mathrm{Al_2O_3}) films are widely used in photonics and superconducting circuits as an etch stop or passivation layer. In silicon nitride (\mathrm{Si_3N_4}) fabrication, a widely used etching recipe is dry etching using a mixture of \mathrm{SF_6/CHF_3} gasses. In case of multi-stacked materials, one might be interested to etch the \mathrm{Si_3N_4} layer with an stop layer to protect the rest of the stack from the etching step. \mathrm{Al_2O_3} is a great etch stop layer for \mathrm{Si_3N_4} ...